The Mexican Revolution.
The Mexican Revolution was a major armed struggle that started in 1910 with an uprising led by Francisco I.Madero against longtime autocrat Porfirio Diaz. The Revolution was characterized by several socialist, liberal, anarchist, populist, and agrarianism movements. Over time the revolution changed from a revolt against the established order to a multi-sided civil war. After prolonged struggles, its representatives produced the Mexican Constitution of 1917.
Euphemio & Emiliano Zapata Salazar.
Emiliano Zapata Salazar was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolucion, which broke out in 1910, and which was initially directed against the president Porfirio Diaz. He formed and commanded an important revolutionary force, the liberation Army of the South,during the Mexican Revolution.
Eufemio Zapata Salazar was the brother of Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata. He was killed by one of the Zapata commanders.
Francisco Villa was a mexican revolutionary leader who advocated for the poor and wanted agrarian reform.Though he was a killer, a bandit, and a revolutionary leader, many remember him as a folk hero. Pancho Villa was also responsible for a raid on Colombus, New Mexico in 1916, which was the first attack on U.S soil since 1812.
Subcomandante Marcos is the spokesman for the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), a Mexican rebel movement fighting for the rights of the indigenous peoples of Mexico. Subcommander Marcos is a writer, a political poet, and an anti-capitalist who advocates the amendment of the Political Constitution of Mexico to formally and specifically recognize the political and the human rights of mexico's indigenous peoples.
Lucha Libre is a term used in Mexico, for a form of professional wrestling that has developed within those countries. Mexican wrestling is characterized by colorful masks, rapid sequences ofholds and maneuvers, some of which have been adopted in the United States. The wearing of masks has developed special significance, and matches are sometimes contested in which the loser must permanently remove his mask.
Virgen de Guadalupe.
According to the traditional account, the image appeared miraculously on the cloak of Juan Diego, a simple indigenous peasant, on December 12, 1531. Several armies fighting in Mexico have used this image as their symbol. Miguel Hidalgo in the Mexican war of independence and emiliano Zapata during the Mexican Revolution carried flags bearing the image of this icon.
Frida Kahlo de Riviera.
Frida Kahlo de Riviera was a mexican painter. She painted " pain and passion " using intense, vibrant colors. Her style " close to folk art " ( Primitivism, Naive art ) was influenced among others by indigenous cultures of Mexico, European Realism, Symbolism, and Surrealism. Many of her works are self-portraits. Kahlo was married to Mexican muralist and communist Diego Rivera.